A Typing Program Sample based on TSF (Text Service Framework)
By Y Lam (firstname.lastname@example.org), Hong Kong, China (Last Update: 2007-06-28)
This tutorial is based on a sample code YLam TSF Example. You enter an email address below to get a link to download it.
I will first describe what YLam TSF Example does, how to install etc. Later on, I will talk about the code.
What does YLAM TSF Example does? How to install?
YLam TSF Example is a dll written in Microsoft Text Service Framework (TSF) that
The purpose of this example is to show:
However, many of TSF features are not shown, for example:
Please refer to Microsoft's MSDN Example son Text Service Framework. There are 9 such examples and very detailed documentation is given. In fact this example is based on that.
The installation process is first described. The following description is based on Windows Vista (English Version). The process should be similar in other language version of Windows Vista and also Windows XP.
There is a precompiled version of YLamTSF_Example. In the command prompt windows, type the following:
You should be able to see a Chinese (Hong Kong S.A.R.) input method in the language bar
Click "Change Keyboards"
Add US Keyboard for Chinese (Hong Kong S.A.R.)
How to compile ylamTSF_Example?
Install Microsoft Platform SDK (R2). You need to download the CD image from Microsoft and burn a CD and then install. Here is the installation window. Assume you installed it in D:\Program Files\Microsoft Platform SDK for Windows Server 2003 R2
Double click ylamTSF_Example\ylam_Example\ylam.dsw to start the project.
Change to Win32 Release mode when build:
Change in Menu Project -> Settings, the include path to wherever you install the Windows Platform SDK. For example D:\Program Files\Microsoft Platform SDK for Windows Server 2003 R2\Include
Change in Menu Project -> Settings, the library path to wherever you install the platform SDK. For example D:\Program Files\Microsoft Platform SDK for Windows Server 2003 R2\Lib
Then you can compile the example by Menu Build -> Build "ylam.dll". After building, you should be able to see ylam.dll in Release directory. Follow the installation process described above.
Some discussion of the source code
Here are some points worth discussion:
The constructor only inherited required ITF classes, i.e
class CTextService : public ITfTextInputProcessor,
Other unnecessary classes are not included.
How to insert string?
In CTextService::Activate(), _pInsertStringEditSession=new CEditSession() is called
When a key is hit, the following code is
pContext->RequestEditSession(_tfClientId, _pInsertStringEditSession, TF_ES_READWRITE | TF_ES_ASYNCDONTCARE, &hr);
After RequestEditSession is called, _pInsertStringEditSession->DoEditSession() be called and you can insert the string to application as described in MSDN TSF Example 5 of 9.
This is the way how TSF insert string.
How to write call back function for when a key is hit?
In constructor of TextService, _InitPreservedKey is called so that ALT+~ is the key to turn on / off the input method.
When ALT+~ key is hit, OnPreservedKey will be called.
_SetKeyboardOpen will then be called, which get ¡§Compartment¡¨ GUID_COMPARTMENT_KEYBOARD_OPENCLOSE from text service framework and turn the keyboard on/off.
Once the keyboard is turned on, when key is hit, the following functions will be called:
You should handle these keystrokes through the above functions.
How to draw Candidate Window?
In the CTextService::Activate(), a _pCandidateWindow is new'ed. The candidate window is then created, moved and displayed. You should read the relevant source code in CandidateWindow.cpp
Sample TSF source code from Microsoft: http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms629032.aspx